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Writing a Bibliography: APA Format-standard formats and examples

Writing a Bibliography: APA Format-standard formats and examples

Below are standard formats and examples for basic information that is bibliographic by the American Psychological Association (APA). For more information on the APA format, see

Your directory of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, References. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author’s last name, making use of the letter-by-letter system (ignore spaces and other punctuation.) Only the initials associated with the first and names that are middle given. An, or The if the author’s name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A.

For dates, spell out of the names of months into the text of the paper, but abbreviate them within the a number of works cited, except for May, June, and July. Use either the day-month-year style (22 July 1999) or the month-day-year style (July 22, 1999) and be consistent. With the style that is month-day-year be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there.

Underlining or Italics?

When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had absolutely no way to print italics. You should still underline the names of publications if you write a bibliography by hand. But, then publication names should be in italics as they are below if you use a computer. Check always with your instructor regarding their preference of employing italics or underlining. (more…)

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