Home / Research & Conservation / Research Grant /. Determine What Publication Style To Use

Home / Research & Conservation / Research Grant /. Determine What Publication Style To Use

Decide which Journal(s) you will want to submit to and download their manuscript composition guidelines from their websites. Determine which publication style is suitable for the Journal and consistently follow that style through the entire manuscript that is entire. For instance, Soundings uses APA style (American Psychological Association). A number of the more widely used style manuals include:

Parts of the Paper

Almost all research papers are comprised of seven sections that are separate an abstract, introduction, hypothesis, materials & methods, results, discussion, and reference section.

An abstract is a concise single paragraph summary associated with the completed work whereby the reader can learn the rationale behind the analysis, general way of the difficulty, pertinent results, and important conclusions. The abstract is the only text in a research paper to be written without the need for paragraphs to be able to separate major points. Summarize the study succinctly, utilizing the past tense, complete sentences and grammar that is correct. Are the following elements:

  • Purpose of the analysis – hypothesis, overall question, objective (make an effort to define in a single sentence)
  • Model organism or system and description that is brief of experiment (make an effort to define in one sentence)
  • Results, including specific data that are quantitative link between statistical analyses
  • Important conclusions or questions that follow from the s that are experiment(


The purpose of an introduction is to acquaint your reader with the rationale behind the work. Provide a whole literary article on the information known about the topic (that both supports and contrasts your hypothesis) placing your work in a context that is theoretical enables the reader to comprehend and appreciate your objectives. Describe the importance (significance) for the study and exactly why it has wedoyouressays com value. Defend the model and offer a rationale. Explain why you selected this organism that is particular system? What exactly are its advantages/disadvantages? You might touch upon its suitability from a point that is theoretical of as well as indicate practical known reasons for utilizing it.

Hypothesis (es)

A hypothesis is an informed guess about how exactly things work. Your hypothesis should always be constructed in a way that helps you answer your research that is original question be stated in a manner that can easily be measured. Your research should have addressed whether your hypothesis is true or false. Describe the reasoning and references that led one to make each hypothesis.

Materials and Methods

Materials and methods could be reported under separate subheadings in this section or can together be incorporated. The objective would be to document all specialized materials and general procedures making sure that another individual may use some or all of the methods in another study or judge the scientific merit of one’s work. It is not to be one step by step description of all you did, nor is a methods section a set of instructions. Omit all explanatory information and background, saving this when it comes to discussion. Also avoid information that is including is irrelevant to an authorized, such as for example what color ice bucket you used, or which individual logged into the data. Typically, the third person passive voice is employed to publish this section.

The objective of a results section is always to provide and illustrate your findings figures that are using tables that will portray the outcomes most effectively. This section should always be a completely objective report regarding the results and any interpretation of what these results indicate ought to be reserved when it comes to when it comes to discussion section. Describe each of your results, pointing the reader to observations that are most relevant, however, the text should complement figures and/or tables, not repeat the same information. If applicable, describe results of control experiments and include observations that aren’t presented in a figure that is formal table. Never include raw data or calculations that are intermediate a research paper. Do not present the data that are same than once. Utilize the past tense once you relate to your outcomes and place everything in a logical order.


The discussion section is used to supply an interpretation of one’s results and support your conclusions evidence that is using your experiment and, if appropriate, from other published literature. While you describe your data make sure to identify mechanisms that could account for the results. In the event your results change from your expectations, explain why that could have happened. If for example the results agree, then describe the theory that the evidence supported. It is never appropriate to simply state that the information agreed with expectations, and let it drop. Decide in the event that design that is experimental properly controlled an if it adequately addressed the hypothesis(es). Describe if each hypothesis was supported, rejected, or if perhaps a choice could not be created using confidence, and expand upon the mechanisms that deemed it so. Compare and contrast literature review findings to your research findings and attempt to offer alternative explanations if at all possible. One experiment will not answer an overall question, so keeping the big picture at heart, identify what questions remain and suggest areas that require further study.

Literature Cited

List all literature cited in your paper, in alphabetical order, by first author. Only use primary literature research that is(original authored by the first investigators).

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